horizontal banner with Preserve America logo and images of a historic downtown, farm, courthouse, and mountain

Preserve America is a national initiative in cooperation with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation; the U.S. Departments of Defense, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation, and Education; the National Endowment for the Humanities; the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities; and the President's Council on Environmental Quality.

Preserve America Community:
Scott County, Virginia

Named after Gen. Winfield Scott, Scott County, Virginia, (population 23,403) was formed by an act of the general assembly in 1814. The rich virgin soil and abundant wild game of the area had attracted early explorers. Soon, families began to settle the area, despite the presence of hostile tribes.
           
Many forts were constructed in the area for protection. Fort Blackmore was constructed on the extreme frontier of Virginia and was used by hunters, explorers, adventurers, and home seekers for rest and refreshment. Daniel Boone commanded Fort Blackmore and others along the Clinch River in 1774 while the other militiamen were engaged in the Point Pleasant campaign of Dunmore’s War. The Blockhouse, built in 1775, was situated at the meeting point of the pioneer roads from Virginia and North Carolina.
           
Big Moccasin Gap is the most notable natural feature in the area, as much history evolved around it. Boone and his companions carved the Wilderness Road through it in 1775. Thousands of pioneers passed through the gap, most of the goods used by people living north of the Clinch River were hauled through the gap, and the main highways westward still pass through it today.

Today the population still largely consists of the descendants of the early settlers. The most well-known cultural heritage asset of the area is the Carter Family Fold, where people from all over the United States come to celebrate the birthplace of country music and the family that sparked it. Other Scott County highlights include the Wilderness Road Blockhouse, a living history museum that interprets life on the frontier of Virginia, and the Bush Mill, which dates back to the 1800s and still grinds corn on special heritage days.

For more information

History of Scott County: www.rootsweb.com/~vascott

Scott County: www.scottcountyva.com

Posted March 19, 2009

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